WHAT IS GEOTHERMAL HEATING & COOLING?
In the Northeast, above-ground temperatures change dramatically throughout the year. However, the temperature just a few feet underground remains a consistent 55 degrees. Geothermal heating and cooling systems take advantage of this natural phenomenon by pumping water through subterranean pipes then back up to an indoor handling unit that naturally distributes heat in the winter and cooling in the summer months.
These underground pipes, called an “earth loop” can be buried horizontally or vertically to best address your property and require minimal maintenance when properly planned and installed. Additionally, properly planned geothermal systems can simultaneously regulate temperatures of pool water as well. So, it is best if the system is designed before the new home even breaks ground for construction.
HOW MUCH DOES IT COST?
Geothermal systems use electricity to run the fan, pump, and compressor but they dont require any fossil fuels, they don't emit greenhouse gases, and they don't consume any water. All of which makes them significantly more environmentally friendly and cost-effective than most other HVAC systems.
The total price (including installation, drilling, and pump) for geothermal systems range between $5,000–$10,000 per ton. Our single family homes typically require at least a 5 ton heat pump. While this initial investment is pricey there are other things to consider.
First, these systems will provide long term savings in contrast to conventional HVAC systems (especially if the home generates electricity with renewable energy.) Secondly, many local municipalities offer incentives that may cover nearly half the cost of the initial installation.